Rules

 

To ensure that all curlers are aware of their responsibilities when playing the game,
the Canadian Curling Association has adopted the following Code of Ethics as an
official supplement to the Rules of Curling:

Curlers’ Code of Ethics
I will play the game with a spirit of good sportsmanship.
I will conduct myself in an honourable manner both on and off the ice.
I will never knowingly break a rule, but if I do, I will divulge the breach.
I will take no action that could be interpreted as an attempt to intimidate or demean my opponents, teammates or officials.
I will interpret the rules in an impartial manner, always keeping in mind that the
purpose of the rules is to ensure that the game is played in an orderly and fair manner.
I will humbly accept any penalty that the governing body at any level of curling deems appropriate, if I am found in violation of the Code of Ethics or rules of the game.

Coaching Code of Ethics
The coach shall act with integrity in performing all duties owed to athletes, the sport,other members of the coaching profession and the public.
The coach shall strive to be well prepared and current in order that all duties in his/her discipline are fulfilled with competence.
The coach shall act in the best interest of the athlete’s development as a whole
person.
The coach shall accept both the letter and the spirit of the rules that define and govern the sport.
The coach shall accept the role of officials in providing judgment to ensure that
competitions are conducted fairly and in accordance with the established rules.
The coach’s conduct toward other coaches shall be characterized by courtesy, good faith and respect.
The coach shall maintain the highest standards of personal conduct and support the principles of Fair Play.

Fair Play
Fair Play begins with the strict observance of the written rule; however, in most cases, Fair Play involves something more than even unfailing observance of the written rule. The observance of the spirit of the rules, whether written or unwritten, is important.
Fair Play results from measuring up to one’s own moral standards while engaged in competition.
Fair Play is consistent demonstration of respect for teammates and opponents,
whether they are winning or losing.
Fair Play is consistent demonstration of respect for officials, an acceptance of their
decisions and a steadfast spirit of collaboration with them.
Sportsmanlike behaviour should be demonstrated both on and off the ice. This
includes modesty in victory and composure in defeat.

RULES OF CURLING FOR GENERAL PLAY

1 . Application
(1) The Rules of Curling for General Play apply to any competition to which they are
made applicable by the curling body having jurisdiction.
(2) The Rules of Curling for General Play are not intended to be used in
conjunction with officiating. If a curling body having jurisdiction over an event(s)
wishes to make this rule book applicable to a specific competition(s) while also
utilizing officials, they should also put in place a set of guidelines outlining the
authority of the officials relative to the implementation of penalties.
(3) If special rules are in effect, they shall take precedence over the General Rules
of Curling.

2 . Definitions
(1) “biting” means that the vertical projection of a stone is in contact with the sheet
line(s) to which the stone is in close proximity.
(2) “CCA” means the Canadian Curling Association.
(3) “competition” means a playdown involving any number of teams playing games
to determine a winner.
(4) “counting stone” means any stationary stone in the house that is closer to the
tee than any stationary stone of the opposing team.
(5) “delivering team” means the team who is in control of the house and whose turn
it is to deliver.
(6) “end” means the part of the game in which two opposing teams each deliver
eight stones alternately and then determine the score.
(7) “game” means play between two teams to determine a winner.
(8) “house” means the area within the outside circle at each end of the sheet.
(9) “sheet” means an area of ice marked in accordance with Rule 3.
(10) “delivered stone” means a stone that is in motion from the moment that it has
crossed the nearer tee line and been released, until it has come to rest or is out
of play.
(11) “stone set in motion” means a stone in motion whose movement from a
stationary position, in play, is caused by a delivered stone or another stone
previously set in motion.
(12) “team” means three or four players playing together in accordance with Rule 5
and may also include the team alternate and coach as determined by the rules
of the competition.
(13) “original position” means the position the stones were in immediately before the
violation or incident took place.

3. Sheet
(1) The recommended length of the sheet from backboard to backboard shall be
146 feet (44.501 meters). The width of the sheet from sideline to sideline shall
be a minimum of 14 feet 2 inches (4.318 meters) and a maximum of 15 feet 7
inches (4.75 meters). This area shall be delineated by lines drawn or dividers
placed on the perimeter.
(2) The centre line, one-half inch in width, shall be placed the length of the sheet
through the centre of the tee lines to a point 12 feet (3.658 meters) behind each
tee. At this point, a line one-half inch in width (1.27 centimetres) and 1 foot 6
inches (45.72 centimetres) in length shall be placed at right angles to the centre
line and shall be known as the hack line. The inside (circle side) edge of the
hack boards shall be placed on this hack line.
(3) At each end of the sheet there shall be three distinct lines drawn from sideline to
sideline as follows:
(a) each tee line, one-half inch in width, shall be placed 12 feet (3.658
meters) from the hack line to the centre of the tee line and there shall be
114 feet (34.747 meters) from the centre of one tee line to the centre of
the other tee line. The distance from the backboard to the centre of the
tee line shall be 16 feet (4.877 meters) if the length of the sheet is 146
feet (44.501 meters) from backboard to backboard. The intersection of
the tee line and the centre line is called the tee.
(b) each back line, one-half inch in width, shall be placed with its outer edge
6 feet (1.829 meters) from the centre of the tee line, so that the
outer edge of the back line (hack side) is a tangent with the 12 foot circle
touching the outer edge of the outer circle exactly 6 feet (1.829 meters)
from the tee, where the back line intersects the centre line.
(c) the hogline, 4 inches (10.16 centimetres) in width, shall be placed with
the inner (circle side) edge 21 feet (6.401 meters) from the centre of the
tee line.
(4) With each tee as centre, there shall be drawn four concentric circles at each end
with the outer edge of the outer circle having a radius of 6 feet (1.829 meters),
the next circle 4 feet (1.219 meters), the next circle 2 feet (60.96 centimetres) and
the inner circle a minimum of 6 inches (15.24 centimetres). The marking of the
centre line and tee line may be omitted from the inner circle
(5) The intersection of each tee line and each centre line shall be identified by an
adjustable tee centre. The base portion shall be securely anchored at the exact
intersection of the tee line and centre line of each house, and the top portion
should be capable of vertical adjustment to suit varying ice levels. The design
of the tee centre shall be accepted by the CCA.
(6) The hack(s) used for delivery shall be of a style and size accepted by the CCA.
The hack(s) shall not exceed 8 inches (20.32 centimetres) in length.
(a) If two hacks are used, the back edge of each hack shall be placed on the
hack and that the inside edge of each hack shall be no further than 3
inches (7.62 centimetres) from the centre line.
(b) If one moveable hack is used, it shall be placed with the back edge of the
hack on the hack line and be either centered on the centre line or with
the inside edge no further than 3 inches (7.62 centimetres) from the
centre line (left or right).
(c) If one fixed hack is used, it shall be placed with the back edge of the hack
on the hack line and centered on the centre line.
(7) The diagram herein shows the proper layout of the sheet in accordance with the
measurements in this section.

4 . Stones
(1) Curling stones shall be of circular shape.
(2) Curling stones, including handle and bolt, shall weigh a maximum of 44 lbs.
(19.96 kilograms), shall have a maximum circumference of 36 inches (91.44
centimetres) and shall be a maximum of 4.5 inches (11.43 centimetres) in
height, measured between the bottom and top of the stone.
(3) Two sets of eight stones shall be provided for each sheet of play.
(4) A team member or coach shall not physically alter the running surface or weight
of either teams’ assigned or selected game stones in any manner.
(5) If a stone is broken in play, a replacement stone shall be placed where the
largest fragment comes to rest. The inside edge of the replacement stone shall
be placed in the same position as the inside edge of the largest fragment with
the assistance of a measuring stick.
(6) A stone that rolls over in its course or comes to rest on its side or top shall be
removed immediately from play.
(7) All 16 stones originally on the sheet at the start of a game shall be delivered in
every completed end. No interchange of stones or redelivery of previously
delivered stones in that end may take place so that a stone is delivered for the
second time.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 4(7), the non-offending
team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered from play
and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.
Rules of Curling for General Play

5 . Teams
(1) Every team shall be composed of a minimum of four players as determined by
the rules of the competition except as provided for in Rule 5(5). Prior to each
game, the team shall designate the four eligible members of the team who will
commence play as players for that team.
(2) Unless otherwise specified in the rules of the competition:
(a) the teams opposing each other in a game shall toss a coin to determine
which team plays the first stone in the first end. The winner of the toss has
the choice between playing the first or second stone of the end; and
(b) the team that plays the first stone of the end has choice of handle colour.
In the second and subsequent ends, the winner of the preceding end shall play
the first stone of the end.
(3) Each player on a four player team shall deliver two stones in each end
alternately with his/her opponent.
(4) The delivery rotation declared by a team prior to the start of a game shall be
followed throughout that game except as provided for in Rule 5(5), 5(6) or 5(7).
(5) Unless otherwise specified in the rules of the competition:
(a) A team shall include a minimum of two players from the original team and
a substitute player(s). A team that is missing a player(s) may use a
substitute player(s).
(b) A substitute player shall be a team’s designated alternate, a player from
a players’ pool or other eligible player as provided for in the rules of the
competition.
(c) A team may play with three players with the first two players each
delivering three stones in each end. Under no circumstance may a team
play with fewer than three players delivering stones.
(d) A substitute player who joins a team prior to the start of a game may
deliver stones in any position of the delivery rotation of the team. The
team shall declare their delivery rotation at this time.
(e) A substitute player who joins a team between ends may deliver stones in
any position of the delivery rotation of his/her team. Players may move
up or down the delivery rotation only as required to position the substitute
player and the team shall re-declare their delivery rotation at this time.
(f) During an end in play, if a player(s) is unable to complete the delivery
rotation declared by the team at the start of the game the team may
activate a substitute player(s) subject to:
i) a substitute player may only enter a game during an end if they
deliver a stone within that end; and
ii) a substitute player(s) who enters a game during an end shall replace
the sidelined player(s) in the team’s delivery rotation for that end;
and
iii) at the beginning of the next end the substitute player may deliver
stones in any position of the delivery rotation of his/her team.
Players may move up or down in the delivery rotation only as
required to position the substitute player and the team shall redeclare
their delivery rotation at this time; and
iv) the replaced team member shall not rejoin the team until the next
game unless the team loses a subsequent player(s) and is therefore
placed in a default position as per Rule 5(5)(a) and (b).
(6) (a) A team that commences a game with three players and expects the fourth
player to join the team during the game shall establish the team’s four
player delivery rotation prior to commencing the game.
(b) A player who is late for a game may enter the game between ends or
may enter an end already in progress providing he/she is able to deliver
a stone within the team’s established delivery rotation.
(c) A player who has left a game may re-enter the game between ends or
during an end already in progress providing he/she is able to deliver a
stone within the team’s established delivery rotation. If a substitute
player has been activated, the replaced team member shall not rejoin
the team until the next game except as provided in Rule 5(5)(f) iv).
(7) (a) If a player delivers his/her first stone of the end and is unable to deliver
his/her second stone of the end and the rules of the competition allow the
team to continue play with three players and the team chooses to play
with three players, the following procedures shall be followed:
• If the lead player, the second player shall deliver the lead player’s
stone.
• If the second player, the lead player shall deliver the second player’s
stone.
• If the third player, the second player shall deliver the third player’s
stone.
• If the fourth player, the third player shall deliver the fourth player’s
stone.
(b) If a player is unable to deliver both his/her stones during an end and the
rules of the competition allow the team to continue with three players and
the team chooses to play with three players, the following procedures
shall be followed for the end in progress:
• If the lead player, the second player shall deliver both of the lead
player’s stones and one of the second player’s stones, and the third
player shall deliver one of the second player’s stones and both of the
third player’s stones.
• If the second player, the lead player shall deliver the first of the second
player’s stones, and the third player shall deliver the second of the
second player’s stones and both of the third player’s stones.
• If the third player, the second player shall deliver both of the third
player’s stones.
• If the fourth player, the third player shall deliver both of the fourth
player’s stones.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 5(4), 5(5), 5(6), or 5(7), all
stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time,
the non-offending team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just
delivered from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their
original positions.

6 . Skips
(1) The skip has the exclusive direction of the game for his/her team and shall
deliver stones in each end except as provided for in Rule 5(7).
(2) Subject to Rule 5(4), the skip may play any position in the delivery rotation of
his/her team. Regardless of the position played in the delivery rotation, the
player designated as skip shall remain in that capacity throughout the course of
that game except as provided for in Rule 5(6).
(3) When it is the skip’s turn to deliver, he/she shall elect a teammate to act as skip.
Subject to Rule 5(4), the vice-skip may play any position in the delivery rotation
of his/her team. Regardless of the position played in the delivery rotation, the
player designated as vice-skip shall remain in that capacity throughout the
course of that game except as provided for in Rule 5(6). The vice-skip shall
assume the responsibilities of the skip when the skip is not on the playing
surface.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 6(1), 6(2) or 6(3), all stones
shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time, the nonoffending
team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered
from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original
positions.

7 . Position of Players
(1) Members of the non-delivering team:
(a) The skip and vice-skip and only the skip and vice-skip may be positioned
inside the hogline at the playing end and shall position themselves
behind the back line when the delivering team is in the process of
delivery. Both players shall be motionless with their brooms positioned
in a manner not to interfere with or distract the attention of the player who
is in the process of delivery as provided for in Rule 8(2).
(b) One player may take a stationary position by the backboard at the
delivering end and to the side of the sheet. The player shall remain silent
and motionless when the delivering team player is in the process of
delivery as provided for in Rule 8(2).
(c) The players not taking the positions 7(1)(a) or 7(1)(b) shall position
themselves between the hoglines and to the extreme sides of the sheet
when the opposing team is delivering a stone. The players positioned in
this area shall remain in single file when the delivering team player is in
the process of delivery as provided for in Rule 8(2).
(d) The non-delivering team members shall not take any position or cause
such motion that would obstruct, interfere with or distract any member of
the delivering team.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 7(1)(a), 7(1)(b), 7(1)(c) or
7(1)(d), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At
this time, the non-offending team has the option of:
i) allowing the play to stand; or
ii) recommencing the delivery of the stone; or
iii) replacing all affected stones as close as possible to their original position
and redelivering the stone
(2) Members of the delivering team:
(a) The skip or vice-skip shall be positioned inside the hogline and on the
ice surface of the playing end while their team is in the process of
delivery. They shall have choice of position for the purpose of directing
play.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 7(2)(a), all stones shall be
allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time, the nonoffending
team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered
from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original
positions.

8 . Delivery
(1) Only right-handed deliveries shall be initiated from the hack located to the left of
the centre line and only left-handed deliveries shall be initiated from the hack
located to the right of the centre line. Both right-handed and left-handed
deliveries may be initiated from a hack located on the centre line.
Interpretation: If a single, moveable hack is in use it shall be positioned as
required by the delivering team in accordance with Rule 3(6) and 8(1).
Interpretation: The delivery and release of a curling stone are intended to
occur within a reasonable proximity to the centre line.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 8(1), all stones shall be
allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time, the nonoffending
team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered
from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original
positions.
(2) (a) A player whose team is in control of the house is deemed to be in the
process of delivery from the time the player is positioned in the hack until
the stone is released.
(b) A player shall only commence a forward progression from the hack with a
stone after the previously delivered stone and any stones set in motion
have come to rest or have crossed the back line and his/her team is in
control of the house.
(3) In the delivery of a stone, the stone shall be released before the stone has
reached the nearer hogline.
Penalty: The delivered stone and all affected stones shall be allowed to come
to rest before any action is taken. If a team declares its own violation of Rule
8(3), the non-offending team shall remove the stone just delivered from play
and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.
(4) If a player wishes to recommence the delivery as a result of his/her own team’s
action, the player may do so providing the stone has not reached the nearer tee
line.
Interpretation: The delivery may be recommenced if the player’s body or
equipment reaches the tee line providing the stone does not.
(5) If an extreme circumstance occurs during the delivery that distracts the thrower
to a significant degree during the process of delivery [Rule 8(2)], the stone may
be redelivered prior to the opposition delivering their next stone.
(6) Each player shall be ready to deliver when his/her turn comes.
(7) Delay of a game in progress by a player for any reason excluding accident or
illness shall not exceed three minutes.
(8) If a player delivers a stone belonging to the opposing team, a stone belonging
to his/her team shall be put in its place.
(9) (a) If a player delivers a stone out of proper rotation, the end shall continue
and the delivery rotation shall continue to be in accordance with Rule
5(3) and 5(4), except as provided for in rule 5(7).
Interpretation: This includes the situation when the team with last stone throws
first.
(b) If an error in delivery rotation causes a player on the same team to miss a
turn, the player who has missed a turn shall deliver the last stone for
his/her team in the end.
Interpretation: This rule applies to the situation when the second player delivers
the lead player’s second stone and other similar delivery rotation errors.
(10) If the opposing teams agree that a stone has been missed but are unable to
determine which player missed his/her turn, the lead of the team that missed a
turn shall play the last stone for his/her team in that end.
(11) (a) If a team delivers two stones in succession in the same end, they shall
remove the second stone that was played, replace any stone(s)
displaced by the stone and the end shall continue. The delivery rotation
of the offending team shall be altered for that end so that the player who
delivered the second of the two stones delivered in succession shall
deliver the last stone for his/her team in that end.
(b) If the non-offending team delivers a stone prior to the error in delivery
rotation being detected, the end shall be continued. If the non-offending
team has last stone they shall deliver the last two stones of the end in
succession. If the non-offending team is the team who started the end
without last stone they shall deliver the last stone of the end.
(12) If a player on a four player team delivers three stones in one end, except as
provided for in Rule 5(7), the end shall be continued and the fourth player on
the offending team shall deliver one stone only in that end.
(13) If the handle came off of a stone during the process of the delivery [Rule 8(2)],
the delivering team may:
(i) allow the play to stand, or
(ii) redeliver the stone after all affected stones have been replaced as
close as possible to their original position.
The delivering team must make their choice prior to the opposition delivering
their next stone.
Interpretation: This does not apply to a handle that is loose but did not separate
from the stone.

9 . Touched Delivered Stone or Stone(s) Set in Motion
(1) A delivered stone or stone set in motion shall not be touched by any player,
equipment or personal belongings of the team to which it belongs.
Penalty: All stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken.
If a team declares its own violation of Rule 9(1) the non-offending team may
then remove the touched stone from play and replace all affected stones as
close as possible to their original positions unless they select either of these
alternative options:
i) allowing the play to stand; or
ii) placing the touched stone and all stones it would have affected where they
would have come to rest had the violation not occurred. This option is only
applicable where the violation occurred inside the hogline at the end of
play or involved a stone considered to be in play.
(2) A delivered stone shall not be touched by any player of the opposing team or
their equipment nor shall they cause the stone to be touched.
Penalty: All stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken.
If a team declares its own violation of Rule 9(2) the non-offending team has the
option of:
i) allowing the play to stand; or
ii) replacing all affected stones as close as possible to their original position
and redelivering the stone; or
iii) placing the touched stone and all stones it affected or would have affected
where they would have come to rest had the violation not occurred. This
option is only applicable where the violation occurred inside the hogline at
the end of play or involved a stone considered to be in play.
(3) A stone set in motion shall not be touched by any player of the opposing team
or their equipment nor shall they cause the stone to be touched.
Penalty: All stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken.
If a team declares its own violation of Rule 9(3), the non-offending team has the
option of:
i) allowing the play to stand; or
ii) placing the touched stone and all stones it affected or would have affected
where they would have come to rest had the violation not occurred.
(4) If a delivered stone or stone in the process of delivery was touched or caused to
be touched by an external force, i.e. stone, broom or brush from another sheet,
spectator, etc., the player shall redeliver the stone. If the touched stone has
displaced other stones, they shall be replaced as close as possible to their
original positions to the satisfaction of both teams.
(5) If a stone(s) set in motion was touched or caused to be touched by an external
force, the stone(s) set in motion and all stones they would have affected shall be
placed where they would have come to rest had the incident not occurred with
placement to the satisfaction of both teams.

10. Displaced Stationary Stones
(1) A stationary stone shall not be displaced by a player or that player’s equipment
nor shall a player cause a stone to be displaced by an opposing player or that
player’s equipment.
Penalty – Situation #1: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 10(1), and the
displaced stone did not alter and would not have altered the course of a
delivered stone or stone in motion,
i) the non-offending team shall replace the displaced stone(s) as close as
possible to its original position, and
ii) if the displacement occurred while playing the final stone of the end and/or
prior to agreement of the score, Rule 13(9) shall apply.
Interpretation: If there is any question as to which stone(s) was closer to the tee,
the displaced stone shall be positioned in favour of the non-offending team.
Penalty – Situation #2: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 10(1) and the
displaced stationary stone altered or would have altered the course of a
delivered stone or stone set in motion, all stones shall be allowed to come to
rest before any action is taken. At this time the non-offending team has the
option of:
i) allowing the play to stand; or
ii) placing the stone just delivered or stone set in motion and all stones it
would have affected where they would have come to rest had the violation
not occurred; or
iii) removing the stone just delivered or stone set in motion from play and
replacing all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.
Interpretation: If there is any question as to which stone(s) would have been
closer to the tee had the violation not occurred, the stone(s) that was affected or
would have been affected by the delivered stone or stone set in motion shall be
positioned in favor of the non-offending team.
(2) The delivering team shall prevent a stationary stone(s) from being displaced by
a stone(s) that is deflected from a divider or from a stationary stone on another
sheet.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 10(2), all stones shall be
allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time the nonoffending
team shall replace the displaced stationary stone(s) as close as
possible to its original position. If the displacement occurred while playing the
final stone of an end and prior to agreement of the score, Rule 13(9) shall apply.
Interpretation: If there is any question as to which stone(s) was closer to the tee
or would have been closer to the tee had the violation not occurred, the
displaced stone(s) or stone(s) in motion shall be positioned in favor of the nonoffending
team.
(3) If the stones are displaced during an end in a way other than stated in the
preceding rules, the teams shall determine the positions to which the stones are
to be returned, subject to:
a) If the teams cannot agree on the original position of the displaced stones
relative to which was closer to the tee, the end shall be replayed; and
b) If the displacement occurred at the conclusion of play in an end and prior
to agreement of the score, Rule 13(9) shall apply.

11. Sweeping/Brushing
(1) Between the tee lines, all members of the delivering team may sweep/brush any
of their team’s stones that have been delivered or set in motion.
(2) Only the skip or vice-skip of the non-delivering team may sweep/brush their
team’s stone(s) after it is set in motion.
(3) Behind the tee line, only one player from each team may sweep/brush at one
time. This may be the skip or vice-skip of either team or the lead or second of
the delivering team.
Interpretation: The only time a lead or second of the delivering team may
sweep/brush behind the tee line is when sweeping/brushing his/her team’s
delivered stone or any stone set in motion.
(4) Behind the tee line, the delivering team shall have first privilege of
sweeping/brushing any stone. If their choice is not to sweep/brush, they shall
not obstruct or prevent the non-delivering skip or vice skip from
sweeping/brushing the stone.
(5) An opponent’s delivered stone or stone set in motion shall not be
swept/brushed until it reaches the farther tee line and sweeping/brushing shall
only take place behind the tee line.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 11(1), 11(2), 11(3), 11(4) or
11(5), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At
this time the non-offending team may allow the play to stand or place the stone
and all stones it would have affected where they would have come to rest had
the sweeping violation not occurred.
(6) (a) The sweeping/brushing motion shall be from side to side.
(b) The sweeping/brushing motion shall not leave any debris in front of a
delivered stone or stone set in motion.
(c) The final sweeping/brushing motion shall finish to either side of the
delivered stone or stone set in motion.
(7) All sweeping/brushing shall take place in front of the delivered stone or stone
set in motion and within 6 feet (1.83 meters) of the stone.
(8) When sweeping with a corn/straw broom, the sweeping motion shall take place
with the corn/straw pointing in the direction of play.
Interpretation: Backward sweeping with a corn/straw broom is not acceptable.
Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 11(6), 11(7) or 11(8), all
stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time
the non-offending team has the option of:
i) allowing the play to stand; or
ii) removing the unfairly swept/brushed stone from play and replacing all
affected stones as close as possible to their original position; or
iii) placing the unfairly swept/brushed stone and stone(s) it would have
affected where they would have come to rest had the sweeping/brushing
violation not occurred.

12. Free Guard Zone
(1) The free guard zone is the area between the hogline and the tee line, excluding
the house.
Interpretation: A stone which comes to rest biting or in front of the hogline after
making contact with a stone in the free guard zone is considered to be in the free
guard zone. A stone which comes to rest outside the house but biting the tee
line is not considered to be in the free guard zone.
(2) Any stationary stone(s) belonging to the opposition that is located in the free
guard zone shall not be moved to an out-of-play position by the delivering team
prior to the delivery of the 5th stone of the end.
Penalty: A stone that is delivered prior to the 5th stone of the end that results in
an opposition stone being moved from the free guard zone, either directly or
indirectly, to an out-of-play position is an infraction which shall result in the
delivered stone being removed from play and any other stone if moved being
replaced as close as possible to its original position.
Interpretation: A delivered third or fourth stone of an end may hit an opposition
stone(s) located in the free guard zone on to a stone(s) not in the free guard zone
providing that any opposition stone originally located in the free guard zone
remains in play. If this action results in an opposition free guard zone stone being
moved to an out-of-play position, the penalty described above will apply. You
may move your own stone from the free guard zone or remove your own stone
from the free guard zone, providing you do not cause an opposition stone to be
moved from the free guard zone to an out-of-play position.
(3) After the delivery of each of the first three stones of an end it is the responsibility
of the skip of the team who is about to deliver to ensure agreement with the
opposing skip as to whether or not any of the stone(s) in play have come to rest in
the free guard zone. If they cannot agree, they may make the determination by
using the six foot measuring stick. If the position of another stone(s) hinders the
use of the six foot measure they may reposition the stone(s), complete the
measurement and replace the stone(s) to its original position.

13. Stones in Play and Scoring
(1) A stone that does not come to rest inside the inner edge (house side) of the
farther hogline shall be removed from play immediately except where it has
struck another stone lying in play.
Interpretation: A stone which crosses the hogline but, when stopping, spins
such that it comes to rest biting the hogline, is considered “out of play”.
(2) A stone coming to rest beyond the outer edge of the back line shall be
immediately removed from play.
Interpretation: A stone which crosses the back line but, when stopping, spins
such that it comes to rest biting the back line, is considered “in play”.
(3) A stone that touches a sideline, hits a divider or comes to rest biting a sideline
shall be removed immediately from play.
Interpretation: If a delivered stone or stone in motion hits a stationary stone and
a sideline or divider at the same time, the stationary stone shall be allowed to
take its course as if it had been hit first.
(4) A game shall be decided by a majority of points.
(5) Each stone, any part of which is within 6 feet (1.83 meters) of the tee, is eligible
to be counted.
(6) A team scores one point for each eligible stone that is closer to the tee than any
stone of the opposing team.
(7) An end shall be decided when the skips or vice-skips in charge of the house at
the time agree upon the score for the end.
(8) If two or more stones are tied, then none of the tied stones shall count and only
stones closer to the tee than the tied stones shall be eligible to be counted. If
the tied stones are to determine which team shall count in that end, the end
shall be considered blank.
(9) If a stone(s) which may have affected the points scored in an end is displaced
prior to the skips or vice-skips deciding the score, the team causing the
displacement shall forfeit the point(s) involved.
(10) Should an individual other than the two teams or their coaches displace or
cause the displacement of a stone(s) prior to agreement of the score or a
measure being determined, the following shall apply:
(a) Preceding the final end;
(i) If the displaced stone(s) would have determined who won an end,
the end shall be replayed.
(ii) If a team secured a point(s) and the displaced stone(s) would have
determined if an additional point(s) was scored, that team shall have
the option of replaying the end or keeping the point(s) already
secured and proceeding to the next end.
(b) In the final end:
(i) If the game is tied and the displaced stone(s) would have determined
which team won the game, the end shall be replayed.
(ii) If the displaced stone(s) would have determined if the game was tied
or lost by the team that was behind in points, that team shall have the
option of replaying the end or keeping the point(s) they had already
secured and playing an additional end without last rock.
(iii) If the team that was behind in points had already secured sufficient
points to tie the game, and the displaced stone(s) would have
determined if they won the game, that team shall have the option of
replaying the end or keeping the point(s) already secured and
playing an additional end, with last rock being determined by a
single draw to the tee with sweeping/brushing. The team who was
ahead in points when the end began shall have the choice of
drawing first or last.
(iv) If the displaced stone(s) would have determined if the game was lost,
tied or won, the team that was down in points shall have the option of
replaying the end or keeping the point(s) already secured, if any, and
playing an additional end, with last rock being determined by a
single draw to the tee with sweeping/brushing. The team who was
ahead in points when the end began shall have the choice of
drawing first or last.
Interpretation: Rule 13(10)(b)(iv) applies to the following types of
situations:
• A team is one down going home and measuring two of their stones to
determine if they have lost, tied or won the game.
• A team is two down going home counting one and measuring two of
their stones to determine if they have lost, tied or won the game.
(11) If after regulation play [Rule 16(1)], the score is tied, play shall be continued
without changing the rotation of play (end the stones are thrown to) for such
additional end or ends as may be required to decide the winning team.

14. Measuring
(1) Measurements shall be taken from the tee to the closest part of the stone.
Interpretation: Because stones may vary in diameter, measurements shall not
be taken from the tee to the farthest part of a stone.
(2) No physical device to aid visual observation shall be used in measuring prior to
the last stone delivered in the end coming to rest except as provided for in Rule
12(2) and 14(4).
(3) Decisions on whether a stone is in or out of play at the hogline, sidelines and
back line shall be visual (no accepted measuring device) except as provided for
in Rule 14(4). If the opposing skips cannot agree, they may request a nonpartisan
third party to render a decision.
(4) A skip may conduct a measurement when a stone is located on the back line in
proximity to the centre line to confirm if the stone is in or out of play. The 6 foot
(1.83 metres) measuring stick shall be used.
Interpretation: If the position of a stone(s) in the house makes it impossible
to use the measuring stick to determine if a stone is in or out of play and the
opposing skips cannot agree, they may request a non-partisan third party to
render a decision.
(5) If two or more stones are so close to the tee that a measuring device cannot be
used, and if a visual comparison cannot determine which stone is closest to the
tee, the stones shall be considered tied. If these stones were to determine who
counted in the end, the end shall be considered blank.
(6) A measuring stick that measures a distance of six feet (1.83 metres) from the tee
shall be used, if necessary, to confirm whether a stone is within six feet (1.83
metres) of the tee as provided for in Rule 12(2), 13(5) and 14(4).

15. Equipment
(1) A player shall not use footwear or equipment that may damage or affect the
playing quality of the ice surface. (Examples: excessive debris from a
corn/straw broom, shedding brushes, faulty slider or gripper.)
(2) At the start of each game, each player shall declare what type of
sweeping/brushing device that he/she shall be using for the duration of the
game (brush, synthetic straw style broom or corn/straw broom). Players may
change or exchange brushes, brush heads and synthetic straw style brooms
during a game. Players shall use the same corn/straw broom for the duration of
the game and shall not exchange a corn/straw broom with another player.
(3) A broom or brush broken during the game shall be replaced by the same type of
sweeping/brushing device.
(4) The use of a curling aid commonly referred to as a “delivery stick” which
enables the player to deliver a stone without placing a hand on the handle is
considered acceptable. If a player starts a game with a delivery stick then that
player shall use a delivery stick throughout that game. If a player starts a game
without a delivery stick, then a delivery stick shall not be used by that player in
that game.
(5) The use of a curling aid commonly referred to as a “delivery balance device” is
considered acceptable. The balance device shall not exceed 5 feet (152.4
centimetres) in length and 12 inches (30.5 centimetres) in width. Height may
vary.

16. Game Duration and Postponement
(1) A game shall be of such length or duration as is stated in the rules governing
the competition.
(2) If for any reason a game is postponed to another time, the game shall continue
from the last completed end.
(3) If a team does not commence play at the designated time, unless otherwise
stated by the rules governing the competition:
i) For each full five minutes that the offending team does not commence play,
the non-offending team shall be granted one point and one end shall be
considered to have been played; and
ii) If the non–offending team has been granted a point(s), the non-offending
team shall be given the choice of last rock in the first end or color of handle.
Play shall commence from the end of play that reflects the number of ends
that are considered to have been played; and
iii) After 30 minutes has elapsed the non-offending team shall be declared the
winner.

17. Miscellaneous
(1) If any exceptions to the preceding rules are necessary to accommodate players
with physical disabilities, appropriate adjustments are considered acceptable.
(2) Should any situation occur that is not covered by the rules, the decision shall be
made in accordance with equity.

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